Hyperpigmentation is the term used to refer to skin discolorations like dark spots, freckles, blemishes or melasma that occur due to sun exposure, hormones or other causes. Abnormal melanin production by the melanocytes causes discolored patches on your skin. This uneven pigmentation can be quite annoying for those who want to maintain an even skin tone, and it can be difficult to get rid of these stubborn spots.
In general, hyperpigmentation is tough to treat and a chronic condition that it must be taken seriously because it's so easy for it to recur. Hyperpigmentation can be tackled by opting for laser treatments, though there are more cost-effective ways like combining hydroquinone, kojic acid and vitamin C to help combat discoloration and obtain even skin tone.
OTC creams and serums are an ideal choice for anyone looking for a more even skin tone and hyperpigmentation reduction. These products have active ingredients that are used by dermatologists in their prescription treatments and can provide great results with regular use.
To effectively target hyperpigmentation, it is important to use a combination of ingredients with different capabilities. Applying a vitamin A derivative to improve cell renewal, enzymes from alpha hydroxy acids for exfoliating, and azelaic acid, kojic acid or arbutin to reduce melanin make-up are all great ideas.
Additionally, tranexamic acid is especially effective in treating melasma. Here are some of the best dark spot correctors and hyperpigmentation-fading products to pair with your SPF.
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Good Molecules discoloration correcting serum tackle dark spots, acne scars, sun damage, hyperpigmentation, and age spots. Formulated with tranexamic acid and niacinamide, this vegan and pH balanced serum helps reduce the appearance of discoloration while also brightening your skin to reveal a more even complexion.
Minimalist 3% tranexamic acid face serum’s powerful and lightweight serum is formulated with HPA technology, tranexamic acid, and other natural ingredients to help reduce pigmentation and acne scars. The special formula helps improve skin texture, tone, and clarity for a brighter, smoother complexion. Get brighter, glowing skin without the added chemicals, fragrances, or parabens.
Get rid of stubborn dark spots and post-acne marks with Paula's Choice CLINICAL discoloration repair serum with tranexamic acid! This ultra-potent serum is clinically proven to reduce the appearance of discoloration, even stubborn dark spots, in as little as two weeks. Enjoy brighter, smoother skin without harsh parabens or fragrances and no animal testing.
Glow Recipe's guava vitamin C dark spot serum is a powerhouse of skin care. Not only does it provide the benefits of vitamin C, but its gel-serum texture is so luxurious and silky that it absorbs happily into skin with no greasiness or stickiness.
The vitamin C complex in this product comprises 5 double-encapsulated derivatives of the brightening ingredient, guava seed oil, fruit extracts (containing 4x more Vitamin C than oranges), tranexamic acid, ferulic acid and vitamin E.
Combining vitamin C with other antioxidants such as vitamin E not only preserves the serum's stability but also makes it more effective. Moreover, ferulic acid helps strengthen your skin's defense against photodamage.
CeraVe resurfacing retinol serum is an effective over-the-counter brightening serum. Its ingredients are highly effective and not only help combat hyperpigmentation, but also a range of other skin concerns. Niacinamide is an effective anti-inflammatory and antioxidant vitamin B3 derivative that can help reduce redness and pigmentation on the skin.
Licorice root, which is also present in niacinamide, has impressive antioxidant and brightening effects too. As the name implies, this product contains an encapsulated form of retinol which is slowly released, making it suitable for sensitive skin types.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What does discoloration serum do?
This hydrating and healing serum helps to visibly reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation, blemish scars, sunspots and other discoloration on your skin. It leaves you with a healthy complexion.
What clears skin discoloration?
Skin discoloration treatments such as topical retinols work by promoting the production of collagen which helps improve the skin's texture. Other treatments like dermabrasion, microneedling, chemical peels and laser therapy are also available and can help with discoloration.
How often should I use discoloration serum?
For optimal results, apply 3-5 drops of this skin discoloration serum to your face twice a day - once in the morning and again before you go to bed. Don't forget to follow up with a broad spectrum SPF 50+ sunscreen when using it in the morning. Avoid direct sun exposure and don't use on irritated or broken skin.
Can I use discoloration correcting serum everyday?
For optimal results, apply a few drops of this product each morning and night before using oils and moisturizers. It can be used daily, but stop using it if irritation occurs.
Does discoloration correcting serum help with dark spots?
The discoloration correcting serum is designed to help you achieve a more even skin tone, reduce the appearance of dark spots, scars, and hyperpigmentation.
Does Good Molecules discoloration serum work on age spots?
This serum, made with tranexamic acid and 4% niacinamide, can make age spots, acne scars, hyperpigmentation, and sun damage look better. It is also lightweight and easy to use.
What goes first vitamin C or discoloration serum?
We suggest using a Vitamin C serum on cleansed skin, followed by discoloration serum for maximum brightening action. This combination of serums has been proven to be effective in treating pigmentation issues.
What is the fastest way to get rid of skin discoloration?
Dermatological procedures are the fastest and most effective way to treat hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels, laser therapy, microdermabrasion, or dermabrasion are all viable treatment options that will help reduce the presence of hyperpigmentation in your skin.
What is the difference between hyperpigmentation and skin discoloration?
Pigmentation is responsible for the color of a person's skin. Generally, when in good health the skin has a normal hue. However, there can be changes in pigmentation due to illnesses and injuries, resulting in either darker (hyperpigmentation) or lighter (hypopigmentation) skin tones.
What skincare product helps with discoloration?
Niacinamide helps reduce inflammation and redness in the skin. It is packed with antioxidants and Vitamin B3, as well as licorice root which has brightening properties. Scientific studies have also confirmed its effectiveness.
How long does it take for hyperpigmentation to fade?
Once what's causing the dark spots or patches is found and stopped, fading can take time. A spot that is a few shades darker than your natural skin color will usually fade within 6 to 12 months. If the color lies deep in your skin, however, fading can take years.
How long does serum take to lighten skin?
In a few weeks, your skin can look more radiant and even-toned if you use a serum packed with powerful active ingredients. Vitamin C is known to brighten and arbutin can help even out your skin tone, so choosing serums with these ingredients is recommended.
Can I use discoloration serum and vitamin C together?
Suitable for all skin types, this mild active skincare ingredient can be used on a daily basis. It also works perfectly with other products like vitamin c, retinol, niacinamide, hyaluronic acid and sunscreen for maximum effect.
What not to use with faded serum for dark spots?
It is not advisable to combine faded serum with other exfoliating AHAs, BHAs, retinols and Tretinoin products in your skincare routine.